Social-economic situation in 5 beginning months of 2011
June 06, 2011, 14:22
The country’s five-month social economy has faced many difficulties as costs of commodities in the world market raised, costs of most domestic goods were high. The outputs of all sectors in five months are shown below:
Agriculture, forestry & fishery
As of 15/5/2011, provinces in the North have finished cultivation of spring rice crop with estimated area of 1,149,800 ha, equal to 100.2% percent from the same crop last year. According to preliminary evaluation, winter-spring rice productivity in the North was estimated reaching 58.6 quintal/ha, equal to 98.5% from the same crop last year.
As of mid-May period, provinces in the South have harvested 1,973,300 ha of spring rice, equal to 103.1% against the same period last year. Together with the harvest, they have sown summer rice seeds for 1,251,700 ha, approximately to the same period last year.
The cultivation progress for other crops has been promoted also. As of above time, provinces over the country have cultivated 675,700 ha of maize, equal to 95.6%; 98,300 ha of sweet potato, equal to 96.1%; 179,300 ha of peanut, equal to 100.8%; 116,900 ha of soybean, equal to 82.9%; and 501,900 ha of vegetables, equal to 98.6% against the same period last year.
According to animal husbandry survey, as of 01/4/2011, the country had 26.3 million pigs, down 3.8; over 8.5 million buffalos and oxen, down 4.6%; and 293.7 million fowls, up 5.9% from the same period last year.
Generally in this year’s first five months, the area under concentrated forestation was estimated reaching 45,100 ha, equal to 91.8%; dispersed planted trees reaching 90.7 million, up 1.5%; wood production reaching 1,656,500 m3, up 11.9% against the same period last year. The country’s forest area burnt and destroyed in 5 months was 354.9 ha, of which there were 200.4 ha burnt and 154.5 ha destroyed.
Fishing production in 5 months was estimated reaching 1,990,400 tons, up 3.3% from the same period last year, of which farmed products achieved 960,600 tons, up 5.4%; catching production 1,029,800 tons, up 1.4% (sea catching gained 959,200 tons, up 1.5%), of which there were 7,300 tons of tuna, up 1.8%.
Industrial production value in 5 months rose 14.2% from the same period in 2010. Of which, the state sector rose 5.2% (central management was up 5.5%; local management up 3.7%); the non-state sector up 17.1%; and the FDI sector up 16.9%.
The consumed index for the manufacturing industry in 4 beginning months of 2011 rose 17% from the same period last year. The stock index as of 01/5/2011 for the whole sector rose 14.6% from the same period last year.
According to a labor survey for 4,237 industrial enterprises, workers of those enterprises as of 01/5/2011rose 0.7% from the same period last month. Of which, workers of state own enterprises increased by 0.3%, of non-state enterprises by 0.4%, and of FDI enterprises by 1.2%. Among 1st digit level, workers of the mining went up 0.2%, of the manufacturing by 0.8%; but of the power and water supply slightly went down by 0.1%.
The realized investment capital from the state budget in this year’s first five months was 73.3 trillion dongs, equal to 39% of the yearly estimate and up 14.8% from the same period in 2010. Of which, capital under central management was 15,123 billion dongs, equal to 36.1% from the yearly estimate and up 10.9% from the same period in 2010;capital under central management was58,236 billion dongs, equal to 39.8% of the yearly estimate and up 15.9% from the same period last year.
The attracted FDI from the beginning of the year to 20/5/2011 reached 4,688.1 million USD, equal to 51.9% from the same period last year. Of which, the registered capital of 313 newly licensed projects was3,526.5 million USD (down 57.3% by capital and 42% by projects from the same period last year); the additional registered capital of 101 times of projects licensed from previous years was 1,161.6 million USD. The realized FDI in 5 months of 2011 was estimated reaching 4,520 million USD, up 0.4% from the same period in 2010.
36 provinces/cities over the country had newly licensed projects and 30 foreign countries invested in Viet Nam in five-month period.
Government revenues and expenditures
As estimated, total Government revenues from beginning of the year to 15/5/2011 was 248 trillion dongs, equaling 41.7% from the yearly estimate, of which domestic revenues gained 160.4 trillion dongs, equaling 42%; revenues from crude oil was 36.2 trillion dongs, equaling 52.2%; and from import-export was 49.4 trillion dongs, equaling 35.6%. Of the domestic revenues, receiving from the state-owned enterprises accounted for 41.5%, from FDI enterprises (excluding crude oil) was 37.3%; from non-state industrial, commercial and service taxes was 40.8%; from taxes imposed on high-income persons was 47.4%; from gasoline fees was 35.4%; and from other fees was 30.8%.
As estimated, total Government expenditures from beginning of the year to 15/5/2011 was 270.3 trillion dongs, equaling 37.3% from the yearly estimate. Of which spending for investment and development was 61 trillion dongs, equaling 40.2% (spending for capital construction only was 58.3 trillion dongs, equaling 40.1%); for economic and social development, national defense and security 172 trillion dongs, equaling 38.9%; for paying debts and aids 37.2 trillion dongs, equaling 43.3%.
Trade, prices & services
Total retailed sales of consumer goods and services
Generally, total retailed sales of consumer goods and services for 5 months were 762.7 trillion dongs, up 22.5% from the same period last year, and it would be 6.4% if the factor of rising price were excluded. Of which, the trade business gained 601 trillion dongs, up 23.6%; catering and lodging service reached 86.6 trillion dongs, up 18.1%; the service reached 67.6 trillion dongs, up 19.9%; and the tourist gained 7.5 trillion dongs, up 15.6% from the same period last year. Exports-Imports
Five months’ total export turnover was estimated reaching 34.7 billion USD, up 32.8% from the same period last year, including 15.7 billion USD of the domestic economic sector, up 31.1%; and 19 billion USD of the FDI sector (including crude oil), up 34.2%. The increase in five months’ export turnover of this year is due to rising of average unit prices for some exported items in one side, and of exported volume in the other side.
Five months’ total import turnover was estimated reaching 41.3 billion USD, up 29.7% from the same period in 2010, including 23.7 billion USD of the domestic economic sector, up 27.7%; and 17.6 billion USD of the FDI sector, up 32.5%.
Five months’ trade deficit was 6.6 billion USD, equaling 19% of the total export turnover.
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
May’s CPI rose 2.21% from April, although it is still high but much decreases from April’s 3.32% pace. Groups of commodities and services having higher CPI than the general were housing and construction material with the highest pace of 3.19%; catering and related services by 3.01% (grain food increased by 1.77% and foodstuff by 3.53%; outdoor drinking and eating by 2.67%); transport by 2.67%. Other groups having the pace above or below 1% were medicines and health care 1.20%; textile, hats and footgear 1.17%; family appliances 0.97%; drinks and tobacco 0.92%; culture, entertainment and tourism 0.88%; education 0.25%, and the postal and communication service decreased by 1.68%.
May’s CPI rose 12.07% against 12/2010 and 19.78% against the same period last year. Average CPI of this year’s five beginning months rose 15.09% from that in the same period last year.
May’s gold index rose 1.43% from April, 4.8% from 12/2010 and 40.04% from the same period last year. May’s USD index reduced 0.98% from April, 1.03% from 12/2010 and 10.16% from the same period last year.
Carriage of passengers and cargos
As estimated, passenger carriage in 5 months reached 1,112.3 million participants, up 13.0% and 48.1 billion passengers-kilometers, up 12.1% from the same period last year. Of which the land gained 1,020.5 million participants, up13.5% and 35.8 billion passengers-kilometers, up 12.5%; the river: 78.9 million participants, up 7.3% and 1,7 billion passengers-kilometers, up 11.1%; the rail: 4.5 million participants, down 1.0% and 1.6 billion passengers-kilometers, down 2.2%; the aviation: 5.8 million participants, up 15.2% and 8.8 billion passengers-kilometers, up 13.2%.
As estimated, the volume of cargos carried in 5 months reached 323.6 million tons, up 10.9% and 88.9 billion tons-kilometers, up 5.2% from the same period last year, of the domestic transport gained 305.1 million tons, up 12.5% and 29.0 billion tons-kilometers, up 9.7%; the overseas transport reached 18.4 million tons, up 0.5% and 59.9 billion tons-kilometers, up 1.6%. The land gained 246.4 million tons, up 13.0% and 13.1 billion tons-kilometers, up 10.8%; the river 51.6 million tons, up 5.9% and 7.3 BN tons-kilometers, up 6.0%; the sea 22.3 million tons, up 1.0% and 66.6 billion tons-kilometers, up 4.0%; the rail 3.1 million tons, down 7.1% and 1,7 billion tons-kilometers, up 5.0% against the same period in 2010.
Postal and communicational services
The total number of new telephone subscribers in five months reached4.4 million, equaling 24.4% from the same period in 2010, including 31,300 desk telephone subscribers, equaling 4.6% and 4.4 million mobile phone subscribers, equaling 25.2%. The number of telephone subscribers over the country as end of May 2011 was estimated reaching 127.8 million, down 11.1% against the same period last year, including 15.5 million desk telephone subscribers, down 5.2% and 112.3 million mobile phone subscribers, down 11.8 percent.
The number of internet subscribers as of end of 5/2011 was estimated reaching 3.9 million, up 18% from the same period last year. The number of internet users as of end of 5/2011 was an estimation of 29.4 million, up 21% from the same period in 2010. The total postal and communicational service net income in 5 months was estimated reaching 53.7 trillion dongs, rose 16.5% against the same period last year.
International visitors to Viet Nam
International visitors to Viet Nam in 5 months were at an estimation of 2,518,900, up18% from the same period last year. Of which,visitors coming for tourist purposes were 1,499,400, up 10.2%; for business purposes 418,900, down 0.8%; for visiting relatives 442,400, up 81.4%.
According to preliminary report, there were about 72,500 households with 307,700 persons suffered from food shortage in May. As compared with the same period in 2010, hunger families decreased by 24.2% and hunger persons by 23.2%. To overcome this problem, all administrative levels and sectors, organizations and individuals over the country since the beginning of the year have supported hunger families 14,000 tons of food and 3.8 billion dongs.
Epidemic diseases and food poisoning
Generally, in 5 months the country had 13,700 cases of hemorrhagic fever; 2,400 cases of virus hepatitis; 281 cases of viral encephalitis; 473 cases of A (H1N1) flu (13 died) and 131 cases of typhoid.
Cases infected with HIV/AIDS over the country as middle of 5/2011 were 237,800 persons, of which 95,700 turned to AIDS and 50,200 died of AIDS.
Generally, in 5 months the country had 32 cases of food poisoning, making 1,600 persons poisoned, of which six died.
Generally, in 4 months of the year there were 4,581 cases of traffic accident, killing 3,858 persons and injuring3,529 others. As compared to last year’ same period, traffic accidents decreased by 0.7%, the death increased by 1.3% and the injured by 4.1%. On average, each day in 4 months, the country had 38 cases of traffic accident, killing 32 persons and injuring 29 others./.